Noah Dovre

The Threatening Pardon 1¶ Mercy and cruelty are opposing forces within one’s character, one a virtue the other a vice. Their Roman counterparts clementia and crudelitas are held in a similar view albeit a different context. Seneca writes at length on both specifically in his De Clementia and De Ira. He argues that through clemency … Read moreNoah Dovre

Mary Beth Smith

The Motif of Cannibalism in the Metamorphoses and Thyestes 1¶ Passion and revenge are two themes that characterize Ovid’s Metamorphoses and Seneca’s Thyestes. The tone in the Metamorphoses varies from grotesque to comedic to serious. Mythical tradition allows for the creation of imaginative transformations and functions as a conduit for the poet to interweave tales … Read moreMary Beth Smith

Michael Swantek

“Uelocitate pensant moram”: Rhetoric and Intertextuality in Seneca’s Natural Questions III–IVa 1¶ A study of Seneca’s rhetoric needs no apology. He has been called one of the “greatest writers of Latin prose in [his] (or perhaps any) period.” The influence of his father, our source for the controversiae and suasoriae—practice speeches composed for the training of … Read moreMichael Swantek

Rebecca Morris

How the Status and Art of the Roman Freedman Complicate Petronius’s Trimalchio 1¶ Jonathan Z. Smith writes, “The historian’s task is to complicate, not to clarify.” Although Petronius is not a historian but a Roman author of the Neronian Age, his fictional work the Satyricon adds complexity to his literary figures their representative historical functions … Read moreRebecca Morris

Khang Le

The New Social Order: The Portrayal of Freedmen in the Satyrica 1¶ After another guest laughs at the antics of the freedmen’s host Trimalchio, the wealthy freedman Hermeros angrily rebukes him, claiming that he himself proudly earned his freedom from servitude. Insulting the heckler’s freeborn status, Hermeros asserts that freedmen are more virtuous and noble … Read moreKhang Le